How to vote


Polling days for parliamentary elections are fixed for an election or the commencement of an election by the President acting on the advice of the Prime Minister, given after consultation with the Electoral Commission (EC) and the Principal Electoral Officer (PEO). For provincial (local government) and municipal elections, the date is equally set by the EC, but in consultation with the Minister of Internal Affairs.

Generally, there is one polling station in each polling district, although in populated areas (mostly urban) there can be more than one polling station in a district. The registration officer for the district suggests the locations for the polling stations after consulting with the PEO, and the locations needs to be approved by the EC. Approved locations for polling stations are published in the official Gazette. Polling stations are located mostly in schools and community centers, and are managed by presiding officers, assisted by polling clerks. Police provide security at polling locations. All registered voters must cast their ballots at the allocated polling station. Polling takes place from 7h30am to 4h30pm. Political party agents and electoral observers are allowed to witness the procedures inside the polling station.

Every polling station has a returning (“presiding”) officer appointed by the registration officer. The registration officer will also appoint clerks to assist the returning (“presiding”) officer.

Voting procedures are the same for national, provincial and municipal elections. Procedures for the opening of the polls include checking sensitive materials inside the ballot box, displaying the empty ballot box to all present, including polling officials, candidates or their agents, and electoral observers. The presiding officer then immediately locks the empty ballot box with two padlocks.

Voters must present their voter cards to the polling clerk in order to cast their vote. If a person does not present his/her electoral card, he/she will not be able to vote. The polling clerk checks that there is no stamp corresponding to the current election on the voter card, and to confirm that the voter is at the right polling station. The polling clerk then checks the electoral roll to confirm that the voter’s name is on the roll. If a person’s name is not found on the electoral roll, they cannot vote, irrespective of whether they have a valid voter card. The polling clerk checks the details on the electoral card to satisfy themselves that the individual corresponds to the information (age, gender etc.). If satisfied, the polling clerk places a tick at the left-hand margin of the roll against the voter’s number.

The polling clerk then hands a voting envelope and a “book” of ballot papers to the voter. The voter proceeds alone to the voting booth, where the voter records his vote by placing the ballot paper bearing the name and photograph and symbol of the chosen candidate into an envelope. The voter presents to the polling clerk who, without touching it, verifies that the voter tenders one envelope only. The voter then places the envelope in the ballot box. The polling clerk observes the disposal of the unused pages of the ballot book. Any person suffering from a physical disability, as well as older voters, may designate a person of their choice to accompany them into the voting booth.

Finally, the polling clerk stamps the voter card in the place marked “date of voting,” with the official government stamp, and adds the date and their initials in the space provided. The polling clerk inks the voter’s left thumb with indelible ink, and then returns the card to the voter, who departs the polling station. Voters are given one ballot paper for each candidate and one envelope, and they are to choose on ballot and place it in the envelope.

Polling closes at 16h30, however the presiding officer has the option to extend the hours of polling if there are voters waiting to vote. The presiding officer consults with polling clerks and candidate agents at least half an hour prior, in making a decision to extend the hours of polling
VEO Staff checking the Voter roll
Young woman voting


The law has provisions for proxy, allowing certain categories of voters who are unable to vote on polling day to vote nominate a proxy to vote in their name. The proxy must be enrolled in the same polling station as the applicant. No voter is allowed to cast a proxy vote for more than two voters.

Any eligible voter is allowed to apply for proxy voting if it can be demonstrated that he/she cannot vote at his/her designated polling station because of health, disability, old age, work outside polling district, and work or study overseas. Additionally, electoral officers working outside their designated polling district are also eligible for proxy voting. ide their constituency and are unable to vote at the polling station where they registered to vote, can also apply for proxy voting.

An applicant for proxy voting must fill the necessary form stipulated by law, and present proof of the reasons for not being able to vote at his allocated polling stations. Proxy applications close two weeks before polling day.

If the registration officer who receives an application for proxy voting is satisfied that the applicant is entitled to vote by proxy, and the person named as proxy is registered in the same roll as the applicant, he will inform the applicant and deliver by post or other means the completed proxy form and the applicant's voter card to the proxy named by the applicant.

A proxy voter casts a vote for the person for whom he is proxy in the same manner as he casts his own vote. If a proxy voter wishes to cast his own vote, he must do it at the same time as he votes as a proxy. When a person votes as a proxy, he must produce his own voter card, the proxy form authorizing him to vote as proxy and the voter card of the person for whom he is voting.


The law allows for the EC, following a recommendation from the PEO and after consultations with the Prime Minister and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, to designate one or more polling stations in a foreign country. Voting from abroad is only valid for national elections. In 2016, there was only one polling station abroad, in Noumea (New Caledonia).

VEO is looking at exploring options for introducing measures of "out of country voting" possibly in New Caledonia, Fiji, Australia and New Zealand.
woman voting with help from female police officer


The Ni-Vanuatu legislative framework sets out for an independent electoral management body, composed of two separate but inter-related institutions: the Electoral Commission (EC), a policy-making, oversight body, and the Vanuatu Electoral Office (VEO), a corresponding executive, operational arm. 

Read more about VEO


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